Einstein was a great genius. And he made a great many incredible discoveries that turned out to be correct in their magnificent insights. However, he is most quoted in two statements that were found to be quite wrong. It is ironic that Einstein is most remembered and quoted by people who are trying to prove an incorrect point.
1. God does not play dice with the Universe.
Not true. Einstein did not want to accept the concepts of probabilities associated with the wave mechanics of particles demonstrating wave particle duality. When he made this statement, Neils Bohr, (of the Bohr model of the atom) said, “Einstein, stop telling God what he does and does not do.”
2. Doing the same thing over and over and expecting a different result is the definition of insanity.
Not true. In quantum mechanical experiments, particle distribution is determined by waver probabilities, and thus are random events. In many cases, doing the same thing over and over, in fact, yielded different results. Einstein did not want to accept that as he felt that the universe was deterministic. Unfortunately, this was another rare moment when Einstein was wrong.
A true scientist must always be reminded that beliefs are a necessary evil. But in all situations he would do well to remember that his strongest and most fervent beliefs are always in those matters in which his ignorance is greatest.
It is often said that there are no stupid questions. Is this true? Or is it just a way to avoid discouraging seekers?
I can think of at least one circumstance where a question might be considered stupid. And that is to first misquote a statement, or misunderstand it, and then with conviction, question it’s validity.
Is this a stupid question? I’ll let you decide.
And is this important? It is important since the foundation of all scientific endeavors has never been to find the right answers so much as it has been to ask the right questions. And in looking back at the history of science, every single great discovery, every theory, every law, has really been a question in disguise.
Consider one of the most well known. Sir Isaac Newton looked at the moon. Made a few observations, and by sheer genius realized that the Earth was falling. But that is really the question isn’t it? Why is the Earth Falling? He could only ask that question if he had, by an even greater force of genius, realized that perhaps the Earth should NOT be falling. Had no one ever asked that question, (which by the way still awaits a definitive answer) we would never have flown from the earth, let alone reached the moon. And yes, by falling, as much, if not more than flying.
It is a kind of arrogance to willfully repeat mistakes.
The creativity of science
One of my favorite things about science is the creative manner in which it requires us to think. To trust our observations, but to doubt our conclusions. A simple example:
It is common to think that trees grow from the ground into the air.
Now, let us consider this:
There are two atoms which love one another, they are Oxygen, and Carbon. But they have a hard time reaching out to one another. They would stick to each other and only each other if they could just get an energetic external push to do so. But if they get too much energy, they jiggle around so much that they fall apart. And the air is full of carbon, in a gas called Carbon Dioxide. This gas has a Carbon atom, and two Oxygen atoms, and when there is enough energy from the sun, (and surely there is no greater source of energy than that giant ball of fusion in the sky) they get ripped apart and the Oxygen is kicked out and the carbon remains.
And this is how a tree is made since the tree is mostly made of carbon, the actual physical substance of the tree, it is primarily carbon.
So, I guess what I am saying is that trees come out of the air, and are dropped into the ground. And that is a beautiful way of letting science shape the creativity of our conclusions.
The knowledge about the earth, and the cosmos that comes with learning how to use this simple yet ancient device should make it a mandatory subject in all schools.
Too bad GPS has outdated this incredible teaching device.
Interesting patter, African village built using fractal geometry.
I am a complete MORON !!!!
GHAAAAAAH, I just realized why the stinking electrons don’t fall into the Nucleus, Cuz if they did, you would know where they are !!!!! DAMN you Heisenburg !!!!! You are a GIANT !!!!
Super Brief History of Modern Physics
Around the turn of the century, the German physicist Max Planck postulated that a black body emitted light in discrete packets of energy. A few years later in 1905, Einstein invented the concept of light quanta by which he explained the photoelectric effect (and for which he received the 1921 Nobel Prize). The next twenty years were filled with revolutionary ideas. Niels Bohr postulated that electrons orbiting atoms could do so only in a discrete set of orbits, and Louis de Broglie proposed the idea that not only did light, previously thought to be a wave, have particle properties, but all particles had wave properties. The cumulation of all this was the theory of Quantum Mechanics, developed in the mid twenties by Erwin Schroedinger, Werner Heisenberg and Paul Dirac.